Toe products

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The technology of production of both types of socks on modern machines include the following:
- Binding sock blanks (with open toe)
- Rooms' toe
- Forming (thermofixing) socks
- Sewing labels and packaging

1. Binding sock blanks without sewing the toe.

Binding blanks socks made for socks knitting machines ANGE (single cylinder) and NOVA (double cylinder) with a capacity of up to 650 pairs per day on single-cylinder and up to 500 pairs per day to two-cylinder machines, which, depending on the required item parameters are different: - the type used raw materials, knitting class, the number of needles (these parameters determine the density of breeding products) - the number of working cylinders (one or two) and their diameter (these parameters determine the size of the product).

Class knitting knitting machine indicates the number of needles in the first inch of the circumference of the pincushion (working needle holder), which, in turn, provides the density of knitted products. Higher class of matings, the thinner the needle, increasing their number is located on the pincushion, providing a smaller loop binding and thus a higher density of breeding.

The working cylinder is the basis for the binding piece. Its size, from 3.5''to 4.5'', defines the diameter of the toe, and the number of rows of knitting - the length of the toe: children (14-21 size), female (21-26 size), male (27-31 size ).

The preliminary stage of the knitting machine is a touch configure your knitting - the size of the product and speed knitting, the installation of yarn on creel (a special holder for spools of yarn) and filling yarns in the thread guides (the device through which the yarn enters the working area of needles).

The process of binding occurs in a continuous automatic. It starts with the rubber binding cuffs. Then untied leg of a stocking, heel, foot and toe (no sewing). At the end of the cycle is automatically cropped knit yarn and finished products (without sewing the toe) through the vacuum selection falls into the basket drive.

Full automatic mode binding involves only the replacement of yarn and the collection of finished products from baskets drives. This - the main work knitters, which can serve up to 30 knitting machines. However, the process allows occasional emergency stop knitting machines in the explosion of yarn or failure of the needle (their removal - additional duties of knitters), and extremely rare emergency stop due to other technological failures (their removal - the main work of mechanics-adjuster, which is capable of handling 60 knitting machines).

2. Rooms' toe.

The next after harvesting sock knitting operation is the Rooms' toe. She is on semi-automatic linking machines with capacity up to 12,000 pairs of socks per day, which corresponds to the productivity of ~ 30 socks knitting machines.

In semi-automatic one operator (a special operator skills required) provides a blank toe into the input guides linking machines, which with a high degree of accuracy (a very thin seam and automatic cutting of thread) makes sewing the toe and the dumping of finished products in the basket drive.

3. Forming socks.

To make the product the presentation is shaping socks. The operation is performed on the semi-humid-heat pressing socks machines VTPA-1H with a capacity of up to 7200 pairs / day. Maintenance of this machine is made by one operator without special qualification training.

Preliminary phase VTPA-1H is a supply of water in the steam generation block machine from water mains or stand-alone tanks, and sensory control modes.

The process of forming socks on semi-automatic machines VTPA-1N is in the following way:
1) The operator pulls on socks (blank) on nosochnitsy (forms), located on the guide profile machine;
3) in the automatic mode is pressed form with simultaneous steaming blanks (steam cycle is shorter cycle pressing for 3 sec.)
4) in the automatic mode is the withdrawal of the press on forms;
5) The operator of the guide, hand, takes the form of the work area, removes molded products with form and repeats a common cycle.

4. Sewing labels and packaging

Depending on the required parameters of packaging used different equipment and devices. In the starter, usually used by an individual pair prishivka labels in cars LSWM-1, or sticker adhesive labels with units LSTM-1 with the preliminary pair of socks stitched with staples at facilities SM-2. Making labels ordered the printing press.

Individual package of socks (if required) is performed manually by inserting a pair of socks prepared in individual packages, usually with a valve to stick. Production of packing bags ordered in the manufacturer of polyethylene packaging. It should be noted that the possible exclusion of the operation of pair bonding socks and their markings with insertion of socks, individually packed with pre-applied to a label.